Mountain biking is riding in the mountains, so climbing has become an indispensable part of this sport. In addition to having a strong physique and enough strength, proper riding technique also helps riders successfully tackle a wide variety of trails.

How Mountain Bikes Climb Off-Road
Whether the bicycle can be driven forward and upward depends on two key factors: one is the operation and force of the power transmission system, and the other is the friction between the wheels and the ground. The operation and strength of the powertrain is directly related to the strength and strength of the rider’s body. Friction is related to riding technique, the type of bicycle tires, the position of the rider’s body center of gravity, and tire pressure.

Steep hills, soft stony roads and low friction

The secret to keeping the bike moving forward through the crawl is to get the best balance between the distribution of the rider’s body weight, the riding position, the amount of power, the way they pedal, and the best route.

Steep hills, soft stony roads and low friction

Weight distribution Some riders are accustomed to adopting a standing position when climbing steeper, more difficult inclines, which works well on hard, high-friction surfaces, but not so much in typical off-road sports the same. At this point, the riding skills show its important role. Riders should try to shift their body’s center of gravity to the back of the saddle, increasing the pressure on the rear wheel and thus increasing friction. But in doing so, the front wheel can easily warp, making the bike more difficult to ride and possibly tipping over backwards. If the center of gravity moves forward, the front wheel will not leave the ground, but the rear wheel may spin in place on the softer ground, resulting in the bicycle being unable to move a single step.


After taking into account the various factors mentioned above, the rider should adjust the position of the body’s center of gravity at any time according to the terrain. For optimal body weight distribution, the rider’s butt may only sit lightly on the front of the saddle throughout.

The amount of force and the way you pedal In order to propel the bicycle forward, the rider must continuously and smoothly transmit energy to the powertrain. Too much force may reduce friction; too little force may slow down the vehicle or cause the bike to stop. If you slam the pedals up and down, instead of smoothing the pedals in a circular motion, the wheels will slip due to less friction with the ground, spinning in place.

technical crawl

The same rules that apply when climbing steeper slopes also apply to technical climbs. The only difference is that the technical climb does not require the rider to find a suitable cycling route, as long as the rider can find a way between rocks, ravines or abrupt tree roots. Look at the ground within 5 meters ahead and choose the best lane. However, once you’ve decided on a cycling route, don’t change it at will.

technical crawl
long distance climb

A variety of general cycling rules apply in this sport, but the specific rules depend on the difficulty of the terrain and the slope of the slope. However, in order to be able to ride the full distance, the rider must do what he can and choose the right speed and gear ratio. Conquering all the slopes requires a rider to be physically fit, of sufficient strength, to have considerable cycling skills, and to have the right attitude to the sport.

In the beginning, some riders were not physically strong enough to handle certain kinds of slopes. However, with enough exercise, the situation can be improved. When you’re just starting out, don’t aim for the entire mountain, start where you can handle it, and work your way up to the harder steps. Also, remember, as long as you can achieve your goals, don’t worry about when. If you are confident that you can conquer most of the slopes, then you need to think about speed.

How to restart the bike on soft soil and steep slopes

Once the bike has come to a stop on a slope, it is not easy to start over. The driver has to get out of the car, take a few steps forward, or take a few steps back, and choose a suitable spot to restart. The chosen place must be flat with high friction, such as a relatively flat rock. At the same time, choose a gear with a transmission ratio that is not too large, as long as it can cope with the current situation. If it is too large, the bike may also break down. After choosing the right gear, pedal the bicycle with the leg that is used the most and has the most power, while holding down the brake, and when the bicycle starts to move forward, put the other foot on the pedal, and then press firmly. , accelerate until you return to the intended lane. Another better way is to park the bike diagonally in the driveway and turn the front of the bike over after starting it up.

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